Demographics

Homegrown Jihadist extremists present a diverse profile that resists simple categorization. The charts and statistics in this section present the demographic breakdown of extremists by ethnicity, age, gender, and citizenship.

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29

average age of jihadists

13 Female
238 Male

gender of jihadists

36

average age of nonjihadists

21 Female
160 Male

gender of nonjihadists

Investigative Methods

The United States has used a number of methods to find and arrest homegrown extremists, including informants, undercover agents, tips from local communities, tips from suspicious individuals with no personal or communal connection to the extremist in question, and surveillance by the National Security Agency. The charts and statistics in this section provide information on the relative role of these investigative methods in investigations into homegrown violent extremism since 2001.

Jihadist and nonjihadist informants

47.8%

Percentage of jihadists monitored by informants

27.6%

Percentage of nonjihadists monitored by informants

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Weapons

Homegrown extremists have sought to use a variety of weapons to conduct attacks within the United States. In some cases, the government has provided fake weapons to homegrown extremists they have been monitoring through an undercover agent or informant. At other times extremists have acquired weapons individually without them being provided by the government. The charts in this section show how many extremists have possessed weapons within the United States, whether they acquired them from government agents or individually, and the type of weapons they acquired.

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Type of Activity

Homegrown extremists have been engaged in a variety of forms of terrorism related activity and not all extremists have been engaged in plotting attacks within the United States. The charts in this section show the breakdown among these different activities including incidents where violence was used, activity that were prevented before it could be implemented, defection to fight abroad, and provision of funding to terrorist organizations, or production of terrorist propaganda. The charts in this section also show the number of extremists involved in plots to conduct attacks inside the United States or showing a pattern of activity that would suggest such an intent and the number who plotted to conduct attacks on military targets within the United States.

38.2%

Jihadists plotting attacks inside the U.S.

29

Jihadists plotting to attack the U.S. military inside the U.S.

Jihadist Activity

Nonjihadist Activity

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Radicalization

An important question regarding Jihadist homegrown extremists is how they are radicalized and to what extent homegrown extremists are connected to a global Jihadist movement through military training or the Internet. The charts in this section provide information on the number of extremists found to have had contact with Anwar Awlaki, possessed his propaganda, or cited his work. They also provide information on the number of extremists using the Internet in an operational manner or to maintain social media accounts with Jihadist content. Finally, the charts in this section show how many extremists received militant training or fought overseas.

61

jihadists influenced by Awlaki

71

jihadists active online